Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky



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Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod salik » 24 Okt 2004 22:44 pm

Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky /Birgit and Wolfgang/
clanky/aquascaping.php
voľný preklad Jacik

..myslim ze takyto clanocek nam tu chybal, hadam tam najdete informacie ktore vas zaujimaju, ak mate popripade dalsie otazky, piste ich sem
Naposledy upravil salik dňa 13 Jan 2006 01:56 am, celkovo upravené 1 krát.
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Re: Aquascaping

Odoslaťod zzz » 25 Okt 2004 09:38 am

pekne napisane -

/mala drobnost, mas prehodene vyrazy konkava a konvexa. /
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Re: Aquascaping

Odoslaťod jacik » 25 Okt 2004 09:47 am

aj v originali je to tak ale mas pravdu:
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ConcaveFunction.html :oops:
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Re: Aquascaping

Odoslaťod zzz » 25 Okt 2004 10:39 am

jacik - bud beru ako pociatok suradnicoveho systemu hladinu, alebo tam maju proste chybu ;) ale to je len taka kozmeticka chybka ..
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Re: Aquascaping

Odoslaťod sako » 25 Okt 2004 12:39 pm

dooooost dobre:-)
videl som to v ENG, ale ja radsej po slovensky, tak ste ma chlapi hodne potešili. Cakam este na nove rastliny a chcem zmenit vzhad akvaria, toto dost pomoze:-)
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod Phantom » 31 Okt 2004 18:26 pm

Velmi zaujimave,konecne som pochopil oco sa snazi Amano(:
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod salik » 13 Jan 2006 01:54 am

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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod xitanaf » 13 Jan 2006 14:13 pm

Možno má niekto naištalovanú portugalčinu v translatore :?: Ten síce prekladá spôsobom "ja prosit voda" ale je to dosť zrozumitelné na to aby sa to dalo prepísať...
Skúsim niekde cracknúť translator aj s portugalčinou a pustím sa do toho
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod Phantom » 12 Júl 2006 19:33 pm

Nasiel som velmi pekne napisane a konecne vsetko spravne pochopene(hlavne vyrazov ako prirodne akvarium,aquascaping...) :wink:
Problemom je,ze moja anglictina nie je naj,a preto by som radsej poprosil ci by sa niekto nenasiel na plny preklad:
odkaz na tu stranku je:

www.greenlandscape.co.uk/forum/viewtopi ... 25&start=0

a aby bolo jasne,co preladat:

I've written this with the intention of eventually submitting a series of articles on aquascaping to PFK. The next in the series will include composition, planting techniques and maintenance, relating to the Nature Aquarium.

Any feeback would be welcome, critisism or otherwise.

Remember that the average PFK reader is still fairly new to the planted scene so I've tried to appeal to a general level. It's also worth noting that my high-tech series will have been published prior to this series so it should hopefully keep the reader's interested. That's the intention anyway.

Learning from Nature

George Farmer explains the basic principles behind various styles of planted aquarium aquascaping and introduces the Nature Aquarium

What is Aquascaping?

Aquascaping is the art of arranging plants and materials in the aquarium environment. It is unique to many other forms of art, as it is a living evolving entity. As the plants grow the aquascape develops accordingly and the more experienced hobbyist will use this to their advantage, visualizing how the layout will appear when mature.

Dutch, Nature and everything in-between

Some of you may well have heard of the Dutch style planted aquarium. These generally rely on the western school of aesthetics where groups of plants, typically stem plants are neatly arranged with little or no hard aquascaping (known as hardscape) materials such as wood and rocks. The concept is comparable to the style of the traditional formal English garden. Many enjoy this orderly type of aquascape with its richness, colour and texture varieties.

Did you know?

Holland still runs the oldest aquascaping contest, held by the Nederlandse Bond Aqua Terra (NBAT) dedicated to Dutch style planted tanks where the judges actually view the aquariums in person by visiting their owners. This ensures there is no cheating via digital image adjusting etc. and allows the judge to see the plant and fish health in real time, something that surely cannot be portrayed as authentically in a photograph.

Some may wonder why more aquascaping contests are not judged in this way. The answer to this is simple geography, the other “big three” contests; Aqua Design Amano (ADA) International Layout Contest, Aquatic Gardeners Association (AGA) Aquascaping Contest and the new Aquatic Plant Central (APC) International Aquascaping Contest are all truly international with as many as 40+ countries taking part. Imagine that airfare!

In contrast to the Dutch style the Nature style concept utililses the enormous diversity of nature and its richness as the source of inspiration for the aquascape. Not only are plant species chosen carefully for their colours, shapes, textures and growth rates but in particular the use of hardscape is a very important aspect as this helps produce the wabi-sabi effect (basic Japanese translation – “sense of nature”). Typically mosses, ferns and Anubias sp. are attached to wood to create a pleasing well-established look. Plain wood can often look too clinical and unnatural, so partially covering it with slow growing plants or Riccia fluitans is a very effective way to provide an aged illusion from the outset. A Nature style aquascape can have as many as 20+ individual species or as little as one single species.

Another aquascape category that has been unofficially described is the Jungle style. This has no set rules as such but rather allows the plants to develop the aquascape into whatever the plants “choose”, with the aquascaper taming the jungle as they see fit. Typically it will have many separate species of plant, possibly arranged in groups, possibly not. For me the Jungle style is simply a convenient way to describe a densely planted aquascape that simply does not conform to either Dutch or Nature although it may have elements of both. It is worth mentioning that Dutch and Nature styles can also be blended to a degree with some nicknaming this technique as “Nutch”. Of course we do not have to categorise our aquascapes but use our own sense of individuality to create our own style, whatever that may be.

The master

Takashi Amano, the internationally acclaimed Japanese photographer, aquascaping guru and owner of the bespoke planted aquarium company Aqua Design Amano (ADA) pioneered the Nature Aquarium concept back in the 1980s. With his first planted aquarium book Nature Aquarium World published in English in the mid-1990s it took the planted aquarium scene by storm with its awe-inspiring display of wonderful photography and truly breathtaking aquascapes. Nothing like it had been seen before and his works opened up a brave new world for the planted aquarium enthusiast. For many hobbyists including myself, Amano changed the way we think about the planted aquarium. He effectively converted it from a volume of water containing collections of orderly or more chaotically arranged plants (think Dutch or Jungle style) to the art of recreating a slice of nature in our own contrasting modern living spaces.

Defining the Nature Aquarium

It is difficult to define the Nature Aquarium because individual interpretations of nature will essentially differ due to our own experiences and environmental conditioning. But this works in our favour as it leaves us to create our own aquascape, as we so desire. Nature is infinite in variety and therefore so is the potential in our aquarium layout.

It may cause some surprise that the aim of a Nature Aquarium is not to recreate the biotope of a specific region (although this is possible). The main goal is in fact to create a kind of underwater landscape or an imaginary fantasy scene. If you study many of Amano’s and other Nature style aquascapes you will soon get the idea. Scenes that physically replicate a realistic underwater environment can be created but generally speaking they do not provide the same degree of aesthetic appeal to the aquascaper as an underwater landscape. I believe the reason for this lays in our own perception of what appears to most represent nature. Being a land-based species we humans are familiar with landscapes, certainly more so than underwater scenes and the Nature Aquarium uses this relative attractiveness to its advantage.

Perhaps another surprising aspect to the Nature Aquarium is that it is not a typical natural aquarium. Confused? Let me explain. The natural aquarium is usually low-tech, uses basic equipment, lower lighting levels, no CO2 injection and minimal water column fertilisation. In contrast the Nature Aquarium as pioneered and promoted by ADA is contradictory to this low-tech methodology. ADA is at the cutting edge of design, technology and style and their whole philosophy revolves around merging their high-tech products with nature.

“To learn from nature, to connect a human being to the nature…
The nature aquarium situated in a room provides a direct impression of this high and dense technology, and unites the human being with nature. This corresponds to the philosophy of The Nature Aquarium.”

ADA Euro Catalogue 2005 edition

Choosing our fish

In the Nature Aquarium the plants and the fish are the stars. They should be chosen with consideration to complement one another and provide a feeling of balance to the aquascape. Many planted aquarium enthusiasts actually set up the plants and let the aquascape mature prior to adding any fish with the possible exception of algae-eaters. This allows the aquascaper to ensure their fish perfectly suit the plants and their design.

Our choice in fish selection can vary as much as our planted layout. One example is using a large shoal of a single species to create a stunning effect that brings a sense of harmony to an aquascape of similar simplicity. In contrast using a large diversity of fish species to bring balance to a correspondingly varied selection of plant species, textures and colours can be very effective. Fish colour and their swimming habits are important considerations too. Brightly coloured fish contrast wonderfully against a dark background. Surprisingly for some perhaps, plain looking fish can be stunning when in large shoals, especially amongst a simple aquascape with a paler background. Fast, active fish like plenty of swimming space so create their ideal environment through designing the aquascape accordingly. Bear in mind at what depths the fish swim in the aquarium i.e. upper, middle or bottom dwellers. Some fish like to dig and rummage in the substrate so bear this in mind if you want to grow a carpeting plant. It may sound obvious but don’t buy fish that are well known to eat aquarium plants, although it possible to keep such fish with particularly hardy plants i.e. Anubias sp. and Microsorium pteropus (Java fern).

One effective technique at making the aquarium appear larger is to use shoals of small fish. These also have the advantage of producing less waste and therefore minimising pollution. For instance six 1”/2.5cm tetras will generally produce less waste than a 6”/15cm catfish. Do your research too. Remember that when we purchase our fish from the shop they are often juvenile and are therefore not fully grown. Stocking levels should always account for maximum adult size. It is very wise to understock a planted aquarium, personally I would recommend no more than 1” per gal. / 2.5cm per 4.5 l. Ammonium is a major algae trigger and even with effective biological filtration levels are present in minute quantities, so the fewer fish present the less risk of nuisance algae. Because our intention is to have the plants and fish as the focus fewer fish will paradoxically appear more attractive and enhance the overall visual appeal of the aquascape. Less is sometimes more.

References

http://www.nbat.nl
Nature Aquarium World Book One by Takashi Amano. 1996 edition. TFH publications, inc.
ADA Euro Catalogue 2005 edition
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod jacik » 12 Júl 2006 20:12 pm

phantom, skus to prelozit a pomozem ti to docesat.
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod Phantom » 12 Júl 2006 20:37 pm

Hmmm,mne by to trvalo aspon 3 mesiace :(
Ved doteraz som neprelozil ADA ponuku,ktora sa tyka len substratu,tak neviem co by som robil s tymto.
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod jany emm » 12 Júl 2006 21:19 pm

Cau Phantom,

Posli mi link na ten clanok ohladom substratov - to ti prelozim. Vseobecne ADA katalogy su ale len informacne, zaujimavejsie su clanky o konkretnom postupe - ako ten tvoj Thajsky link v sekcii substraty ( ja som vedel ze robim chybu ked som sa neprihlasil na Thajstinu :wink: )

Ale tento clanok sorry.
Je dost vseobecny, definuje len zakladne rozdiely medzi jednotlivymi skolami Aquascapingu - Dutch ( holandska ), Nature ( Amano ) and Nutch ( hybrid medzi nimi ). Nasleduje mala stat ohladom vyberu ryb, ale myslim ze tam nie je nic nove a prevratne co by uz na tomto fore nebolo napisane.
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod virus31 » 13 Júl 2006 00:20 am

spis prelozte tohle
http://www.akva.sk/viewtopic.php?p=49635#49635

neni tam moc textu, ale kvalitni je to dost a nektere neanglictinare by to mohlo potesit.
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod jany emm » 13 Júl 2006 18:03 pm

To by nemal byt problem, len povodny text je medzi obrazkami. Skusim rozbit pdf dokument a prepisat to priamo tam - uvidim co sa podari.
Kazdopadne aspon v textovej forme ti to poslem na email behom par dni.
Dostat to na web uz bude tvoja praca, nechcem to sem nakopirovat cele. Lepsi bude nejaky externy link, len neviem kde to umiestnit.
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod virus31 » 13 Júl 2006 18:08 pm

Muzu to dat k sobe na web o nature akvariich.
www.natureaquarist.com
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod jany emm » 13 Júl 2006 22:12 pm

Alebo aj takto :?:
( original foto ma vyssie rozlisenie )

http://i87.photobucket.com/albums/k123/ ... ROK1sk.jpg

Ale trochu dlhsia doba vyroby :lol:
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod virus31 » 13 Júl 2006 22:49 pm

Muze byt :] ale pro dobrou citelnost a pripadny tisk bude potreba opravdu velke rozliseni (s mistem na webu neni problem).. Pokud to nekdo prelozi (nemam na to cas), jsem ochotnej to vrazit do pdfka.
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod Phantom » 28 Júl 2006 20:38 pm

Po kratkom case mame dalsie pokracovanie-Zaklady aquascaping:
Cast prva
Cast druha
Cast tretia
:wink:
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod jacik » 28 Júl 2006 21:21 pm

vyzera to zaujimavo :)
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod xDodox » 07 Dec 2006 08:25 am

Pekný Aquascaping.
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod alo » 14 Dec 2006 12:49 pm

Ak vas zaujimaju hotove vysledky, co sa tyka aquascapingu tak skuste tuto sajtu:
http://showcase.aquatic-gardeners.org/2 ... w-showcase
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod nanuska » 14 Dec 2006 13:57 pm

::vysledky boli uverejnene uz davno :wink: :o
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Re: Základy Aquascapingu - Akvakrajinky

Odoslaťod alo » 14 Dec 2006 15:02 pm

nanuška ja viem ze vacsina z vas to uz videla,a ze som opozdeny :P , ale sa mi to strasne pacilo, tak som to sem capol. Snad sa najdu aj taki co to este nevideli a ostatni ma dufam neukamenuju za neaktualnost :roll: :angel: :kiss:
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